Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

June 2021 (published: 19.05.2021)

Number 2(45)

Home > Issue > Innovative development analysis of russia: position, problems, prospects

UDC 338

Innovative development analysis of russia: position, problems, prospects

Silakova L.V., Grigoriev E.A.

After the completion of the implementation of the "Strategy for Innovative Development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020", there is a lag in a number of planned indicators. The needs to identify the problems of innovative development in Russia, to take effective measures for the national innovation system developing and to increase the competitiveness of the Russian economy are becoming more acute. The article is devoted to the study of the Russia’s innovative development features. A comparative analysis of world rankings reflecting the innovative development potential of countries for the period 2010-2020 is carried out. The main indicators of innovation development are the Global Innovation Index and the Bloomberg Innovation Index, the indicators of the formed business environment are the Global Competitiveness rating from the World Economic Forum and the World Bank's Doing Business. In general, during the study period, there is a positive trend in the ratings of Russia. The most positive dynamics are observed in the level of human capital, although there is a slight decrease in this indicator, in the treatment of intellectual property and in the establishing a business implementation environment. The main problems hindering the innovative development of the country include the lack of formation of institutions, lagging behind global trends in the field of environmental sustainability, in particular, energy efficiency, and the underdeveloped venture investment market. According to these problems, the directions of solving the main problems are determined.
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Keywords: innovative development, global innovation rating, global competitiveness, strategy implementation, national innovation system, investment activity, venture investment, system of institutions, international competitiveness.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2021-14-2-86-96

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