Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

March 2018 (published: 28.03.2018)

Number 1(32)

Home > Issue > State and prospects of development venture financing in the Russian Federation and in St. Petersburg

UDC 336.648

State and prospects of development venture financing in the Russian Federation and in St. Petersburg

Prihodko R.V.

Article purpose – to give the review of a condition of venture business in our country and to develop specific proposals on activization of venture investment. The methods used for achievement of a goal: analysis, induction. In article evolution of venture business in the world and in Russia is traced. Specifics of venture financing and a role which it plays in ensuring economic growth of the country and technological development of the firms making the main productive force of economy are shown. Classification of stages of venture financing is given and it is shown at what stages of this process the state participates in joint financing of perspective projects more actively. In article, in addition, special attention is paid to such forms of financing and support of innovative business as business incubators. In particular, their advantages and shortcomings to investors are presented. The statistics illustrating development of corporate venture funds in our country is given and the reasons for which their distribution at us is much more modest on scales, than in foreign countries are considered. Besides, the author shows the main directions of venture investment taking place in our country, discloses difficulties which venture financing in the Russian Federation meets. In conclusion, offers on activization of attraction of private venture investments into the Russian industry are formulated and the example of formation of structures of venture financing at the ITMO St. Petersburg University is given.
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Keywords: venture, business incubator, angel investors, small innovative enterprises, crowd funding.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2018-11-1-49-55

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