Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

September 2022 (published: 27.09.2022)

Number 3(50)

Home > Issue > Analysis of current trends in the development of biomaterials business in the context of a closed-cycle economy

UDC 338.001.36

Analysis of current trends in the development of biomaterials business in the context of a closed-cycle economy

Rakhmanova K.R. , Kuznetcova A.P. , Molodkina N.R. , Sergienko O.I.

The problem of the growth of plastic waste remains the most pressing agenda in the world and in Russia. Waste management of traditional plastics, including disposal and recycling, faces the challenge of collecting remnants of recycled plastic. An alternative could be the use of biodegradable materials, including promising biocomposites obtained from renewable raw materials, reinforced with natural fibers. The subject of the study is the development trends in the business of biocomposites based on the mycelium of various types of fungi. The use of mycelium can be attributed to the movement of biomimicry, which is considered a promising approach for the creation and implementation of new technological solutions. The purpose of the work is to study and evaluate the international market for mycelium materials, the concept of creating new products, their application and positioning. A review of mycelium biocomposites' areas of use has been carried out, and the potential for their use as an environmentally friendly product on the market has been studied. A search and analysis of manufacturing companies was conducted, the main features of their business models and factors affecting business were identified, and sales models for mycelium products were described. For the first time, the concept of “three economies” of sustainable development was applied in relation to biocomposites, special attention was paid to the concept of a circular economy and the implementation of its principles in the context of manufacturing companies. The issue of biodegradability of products from mycelium was analyzed. The analysis carried out allows us to draw conclusions about the prospects of using mycelium as the basis of a biocomposite, the feasibility of creating commercial products from it, and about the most successful examples of building a business based on mycelium. According to research results, it can be argued that the use of mycelium and the creation of new business projects, taking into account the experience of international companies, is promising in Russia.
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Keywords: biocomposites, mycelium, circular economy, sustainable development, sustainable materials, biodegradability.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2022-17-3-69-81

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