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September 2021 (published: 22.09.2021)
Home > Issue > Educational clusters as a tool for economic development in the region
Educational clusters as a tool for economic development in the region
In the world economy, it has long been necessary to ensure a close continuous connection between science, education and production in order to improve the quality of training of future specialists, to bring the educational process closer to the specifics of production and the results of research and development carried out in this subject area. Educational clusters, which have become quite widespread in the world economy and are gradually spreading throughout Russia, are called upon to solve this problem. They are created mainly in knowledge-intensive sectors of the economy and in those cities where there are large universities and technology parks. The main feature of clusters is their concentration in a particular region and binding to a certain place. In the future, it is assumed that clusters will be the defining link in the country's economy and they will account for up to 90% of all R & D activities. But in educational clusters, the main system-forming role, as a rule, is played by universities. This allows us to bring the educational process closer to practical and scientific activities and at least partially resuscitate university science in Russia, which was so badly damaged in the post-Soviet years. The clients of R & D and future employers of graduates in clusters are leading industrial enterprises of the region. At the same time, they are the main source of investment. Unfortunately, in our country, the process of cluster formation is faced with certain difficulties, due to the lack of their regulatory and legislative regulation, the lack of thoughtful goals and objectives, as well as the sometimes different directions of interests of participants.
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Keywords: cluster, education, innovation, efficiency, technology, implementation, partnership.
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