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June 2020 (published: 19.06.2020)
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The use of digital technologies in logistics
Negreeva V.V., Zamiatina A.A. , Shpakovich D.K., Sharonova A.D.
The article discusses the topic of the use of digital technologies in logistics. The relevance of the topic is due to increased attention to digital technologies, their development and implementation in various fields. As an example of digital technology, this article discusses blockchain, the Internet of things, and artificial intelligence. The aim of the work is to determine the advantages and disadvantages of the implementationof digital technologies in logistics companies, possible difficulties in implementation, and the analysis of companies that successfully use these technologies in their activities.Blockchain technology allows not only ensuring transparency of cargo operations and reducing risks for all participants in the supply chain, but also allows you to conclude “smart contracts” that are controlled by a computer program.The Internet of things in logistics allows you to track the location of the goods in real time, automate individual processes and control processes in the warehouse. All of this, in turn, increase customer satisfaction. Artificial intelligence has long established itself as a tool for solving logistics problems. It allows you to automate part of the company’s processes, formulate a logistician options for proposals for making decisions and predict fluctuations in calculated indicators, which simplifies the work of specialists, transferring part of everyday work to a computer.In conclusion, it was proved that despite the large number of advantages from the introduction of digital technologies, the Russian Federation is not ready for their widespreadimplementation, since there is no regulatory framework governing their use. This work was carried out as part of the research project No. 618279 "Methods and tools of innovative and entrepreneurial activity in the digital economy."
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Keywords: digital technologies, blockchain, artificial intelligence, the Internet of things, digital economy, digital logistics.
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