Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

December 2016 (published: 12.12.2016)

Number 4(27)

Home > Issue > The development of a competitive private sector as the direction of the state anti-corruption strategy

UDC 343.9

The development of a competitive private sector as the direction of the state anti-corruption strategy

Panzabekova A.Zh. , Zhanbozova A.B.

The World’s experience in the fight against corruption demonstratesthat several foreign countries have been able to createsuch mechanisms which allowed limiting the extent of corruptionso that it stopped to be a serious threat to normal performanceof the state machine. The practice of those states, where structuralchanges have given the greatest results and thereby created theground for successful economic growth, is of primary concern.According to Corruption Perceptions Index research for recentyears, the least corrupt countries in the world are Denmark, NewZealand, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Singapore, theNetherlands, Luxembourg, Canada, etc. These countries haveachieved some success in the fight against corruption. The idea of identifying the anti-corruption programs that have proventheir practical efficiency presents a great potential for positiveborrowing of foreign experience. However, it would be usefulto refer as well to experience of the younger countries, whichalso passed the stages of socio-economic transformation, such asSouth Korea, Russia, Georgia etc. Besides that, anti-corruptionpolicy of the USA is also noteworthy. This research involves identifying the features of anti-corruption policies of foreign countries that enable them to successfully implement measures to combat corruption offenses, as well as clarify the ways in which certain experience of foreign legislation could borrow. It defines perspective ways of using foreign anti-corruption experience through establishment of a competitive private sector. The main factors that adversely affect the formation of bona fide competition in the private sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan, such as unreasonably high proportion of state involvement in the economy; the presence of "hidden monopolies"; high barriers to exit the market in monopolistic industries; administrative barriers; the absence of criminal liability of legal persons; underdevelopment of corporate management; passivity of business associations in the fight against corruption in the private sector. The authors have developed the recommendations, implementation of which is the destruction of naprvlena corruption networks, the development of bona fide competitive relations, increase transparency of corporate governance, enhance the fight against corruption on the part of the private sector, all of which will reduce the level of corruption risks. corruption risks.
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Keywords: corruption, private sector monopoly, corporate management, criminal liability of legal persons.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2016-9-4-57-64

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