Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

2014 (published: 15.09.2014)

Number 3(18)

Home > Issue > Generalized Darwinism as an Economical Theory

UDC 575

Generalized Darwinism as an Economical Theory

Levit G.S., Hossfeld Uwe , Polatayko S.V. , Lvov A.A.

This article critically analyzes the arguments of the ‘generalized Darwinism’ recently proposed for the analysis of social-economical systems. We argue that ‘generalized Darwinism’ is both restrictive and empty. It is restrictive because it excludes alternative (non-selectionist) evolutionary mechanisms such as orthogenesis, saltationism and mutationism without any examination of their suitability for modeling socio-economic processes and ignoring their important roles in the development of contemporary evolutionary theory. It is empty, because it reduces Darwinism to an abstract triple-principle scheme (variation, selection and inheritance) thus ignoring the actual structure of Darwinism as a complex and dynamic theoretical structure inseparable from a very detailed system of theoretical constraints. Arguing against ‘generalised Darwinism’ we present our vision of the history of evolutionary biology with the help of the ‘hourglass model’ reflecting the internal dynamic of competing theories of evolution.
Read the full article 

Keywords: generalised Darwinism, anti-Darwinism, orthogenesis,  saltationism, the synthetic theory of evolution (STE), the ‘hourglass model’, the extended Synthesis.

Editorial address:
191002, St. Petersburg, street. Lomonosova 9, office. 2132

Information 2007-2024, All rights reserved
Department of Internet Solutions NRU ITMO © 2013