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December 2019 (published: 18.12.2019)
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Management of migration processes in order to stabilize socio-economic relations
Shchelakova V.A. , Salmanov A.В.
The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that unregulated migration processes threaten the demographic security of the state. The article presents the analysis of migration processes in Russia from 1991 to 2018 in order to identify problems and factors affecting the demographic situation in the country. The study showed that migration growth is decreasing. For the period from 2011 to 2018, it decreased by 62.8 %. In 2018, in the exchange of population with the CIS countries, there is an increase in migration growth-by 122,984 people, a decrease in growth is observed with the countries of the far abroad-by 3,916 people. In addition, during the period from 1995 to 2018, we can observe a decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and refugees. The number of persons granted temporary asylum is increasing. In Russia in 2018, internal migration amounted to 4,184,467 people, an increase of 53,214 people compared to 2017. The main areas of domestic migration are the Central Federal district, Privolzhsky FD, Siberian FD and North West FD. The article assesses the current demographic threats related to migration processes in Russia: reduction of the share of the titular nationality in the population; increasing the number of non-indigenous people; high (low) intensity of the arrival of migrants; high (low) intensity of departure of migrants; high (low) migration gain citizens; a high degree of illegal migration; the increase of illegal migration; lack of quality outbound and inbound migration flows; the discrepancy between the real and necessary for the country directions of migration flows. Among the main measures aimed at solving problems related to migration processes, the article highlights: changing migration policy from the point of view of strategically important interests of the indigenous peoples of Russia and improving migration legislation in this regard; development of socio-economic measures to increase the migration attractiveness of the territories from which there is an outflow of population; development and implementation of Federal and regional programs aimed at creating favorable conditions for the adaptation and integration of immigrants into Russian society, etc.
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Keywords: migration processes, external and internal migration, forced migrants, refugees, migration policy, demographic threats.
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