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December 2019 (published: 18.12.2019)
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Territorial features of agricultural development in the Vologda region
The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that, despite a fairly large number of studies devoted to studying the problems of rural areas, there is still a tendency to decrease the number of rural population and the number of rural settlements, the destruction of social and transport infrastructure, although the countryside continues to fulfill a number of strategic economic functions . At the same time, in the basic agricultural production for these territories, under the influence of market reforms, problems have intensified, overcoming of which is currently an important task for the country's economic complexes. The author suggests that it was the destruction of the agricultural production structure in rural areas and its low competitiveness during the perestroika period that were both the cause and effect of the degradation of settlements, which was especially pronounced in non-chernozem regions of Russia. The article attempts to identify new trends in the distribution of productive forces in order to develop recommendations for reducing territorial imbalances in the industry. The aim of the study was to identify the trends in the post-Soviet period of the socio-economic development of rural areas and the rationale for new directions in placing their basic industry - agriculture - as significant aspects of the modern organization of the economic space. The object of study is the economy of rural territories of the Vologda Oblast, including agriculture, as the basic industry, the subject is the conditions of socio-economic development and the characteristics of agricultural distribution in the rural territories of the Vologda Oblast. The study revealed that for the period 1990-2018 municipal districts of the Vologda Oblast, located near the Vologda and Cherepovets agglomerations, were able to increase the share of agricultural production in the total. Agriculture in remote municipal areas, as a result of external and internal factors, was in a difficult situation, their share in the total agricultural production of the region in the post-Soviet period mainly decreased. The result of the transformation of the location of agricultural production in difficult socio-economic conditions was the concentration of industry enterprises mainly near large cities with scientific and technological potential and ensuring the marketing of products to large markets. Based on the provision on the need to disperse this type of activity in the region, which has historically been the basis for the development of rural territories, the author proposes the use of cooperative forms of communication of farmers within local territories, which make it possible to simplify the business of small and medium-sized enterprises, by analogy with the cooperation models established in Norway and Finland. At the same time, it is important not to thoughtlessly and completely copy institutions, mechanisms, forms of integration and cooperation, but to adapt the best world practices and achievements with relatively small investments to Russian reality, as if it were invented and implemented for the first time. The work used general scientific research methods (abstract logical and system approaches, generalization method, monographic, etc.), economic and statistical method, as well as graphical and tabular data visualization techniques. The results obtained during the study are of significance for regional authorities in the framework of adjusting policies and strategies for the development of rural areas and agriculture, for the scientific community, since they represent a certain reserve for continuing research, and society as a whole.
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Keywords: rural territories, agriculture, concentration, cooperation, Vologda region.
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