Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media
ISSN:2310-1172

December 2019 (published: 18.12.2019)

Number 4(39)

Home > Issue > Economic substantiation of the introduction of additive technology in the technological processes of production of the production of the company

UDC 338.32.053.4, 330.322

Economic substantiation of the introduction of additive technology in the technological processes of production of the production of the company

Shimokhin A.V.

The article discusses issues regarding the economic rationale for the introduction of additive technology in the technological processes of production of the enterprise. Changes in material costs are considered for various options for the scale of application of additive technology in the manufacture of a product: only due to additive technology or partial application. The review of enterprises of the Russian Federation that successfully apply this technology is given. The factors restraining the development of the use of additive technologies in production are considered. The article also provides factors contributing to the spread of this technology, such as: material consumption, energy consumption, accuracy of manufactured parts, and manufacturing time. Through the indicators of energy efficiency, material consumption and time of manufacture of the product, criteria for the effectiveness of the introduction of additive technology are obtained. The factors affecting the payback period when introducing the technology are given. The article concludes that with the partial use of additive technology in the manufacture of products, first of all, additive technology should be used for the most labor-intensive operations for the manufacture of parts, or for parts whose accuracy will improve due to this technology. A condition has been obtained that determines the maximum number of parts, the production of which is justified to economically transfer to additive production with the partial introduction of additive technology in the general technological chain of product manufacturing. Moreover, the payback period also depends on factors: the cost of training personnel and new equipment, materials. Thus, the condition of expediency of transferring the nth number of operations to additive technology and the calculated payback period of investments, according to the relationships given in this paper, are the criteria for introducing additive technologies in the enterprise.
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Keywords: additive technology, payback period, machine-building enterprises, investments, economic justification for modernization of production.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2019-12-4-13-19

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