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September 2019 (published: 26.09.2019)
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Study of the process innovation creating in research institutions
Burtsev D.S., Gavrilyuk E.S. , Chudesova G.P.
Introduction: building a national innovation system using the full cycle method involves generating knowledge within the country through basic and applied research. In this regard, the goal of the work was to study the process of creating innovation in research institutes operating within the framework of the national innovation system.Data and Methods: the article consider the sequence of activities carried out by scientific institutions in the field of research and development, examination and protection of the results of intellectual activity, as well as their further commercialization. For the analysis of the innovation process, key stages (“research and development”, “examination”, “disclosure”, “commercialization”) are identified and their main characteristics are given, key participants and their functions in the process of developing innovative solutions are identified. The advantages and disadvantages arising at different stages of innovation are analyzed, measures are proposed to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the process under consideration.Analysis of the Results: at the stage of “Research and Development”, in order to reduce the negative consequences, it is necessary to increase the terms of approval of TOR and expand the number of participants involved at this stage. The effectiveness of the “Examination” phase can be improved by involving external experts in the internal examination, by introducing them into scientific and technical councils. At the “Disclosure” stage, in order to timely assess the commercial potential of development, the scientific staff should have elementary skills and / or simple and understandable recommendations for evaluating their work. It is not profitable for scientific personnel to bring the development to the stage of “Commercialization” through the organization of a business company or the transfer of rights to use in production activities. In this regard, it is necessary to develop appropriate measures to stimulate the innovative activity of this category of workers.
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Keywords: innovation, knowledge generation, research institutions, research and development, expertise, disclosure, commercialization.
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