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March 2019 (published: 27.03.2019)
Home > Issue > Meeting the need for housing: the modern suburbanization of St. Petersburg
Meeting the need for housing: the modern suburbanization of St. Petersburg
Repkin А.I., Mityagin Sergey A
In the second half of the twentieth century, cities showed themselves as the most effective form of organi-zation of life in space. Nowadays, most of the citizens of the world live in cities. But at the same time the disadvantages of life in the city also appeared. One of the ways to overcome the emerging problems was suburbanization and the formation of agglomerations. But the experience of developed countries has shown that suburbanization is not an ideal model for the organization of life. The Russian experience of country life differs significantly from the experience of both developed countries, where the city center is high-rise buildings, and the suburbs are low-rise houses of wealthy citizens. But the cities of Russia are even less similar to the megacities of the developing countries, where the suburbs are the places where the poor live in poor homes. The article shows the importance of housing and the role of out-of-city movability, especially the formation of supply and demand in the suburban housing market. The objective factors contributing to the formation of the suburbanization zone of cities are considered. Modern demographic and social trends favoring suburbanization are shown. A model of the stages of suburbanization of St. Petersburg is proposed. The model identifies six such stages: the imperial stage, the nobility-multi-stage stage, the post-revolutionary stage, the garden stage, the horticultural stage, the reformation stage. The forecast of the transition to the seventh stage, the stage of mass suburbanization, is substantiated. The conditions for an effective transition to this stage are determined.
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Keywords: suburban real estate, housing, city, space, suburbanization, agglomeration, suburbanization stages.
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