The Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is a strategically important region, both in terms of its contribution to the country’s economy and from the point of view of state security of the northern borders. The Arctic concentrates a significant amount of strategic resources necessary to ensure the development of various sectors of the economy, in particular, industry and the Northern Sea Route. At the same time, the development of the territory must comply not only with economic efficiency, but also with compliance with environmental and social standards, i.e., in the context of sustainable development. Industrial activity in the Arctic regions has its own characteristics due to its uniqueness and specificity, therefore an important area of research is the search for ways to improve the efficiency of managing the process of its development and its potential. In this study, the author makes an attempt to assess the current state of industrial development in the Arctic precisely from the perspective of the concept of sustainable development. For this purpose, the economic, environmental and social indicators of the development of the economy of the Russian Arctic in dynamics were assessed, the polar index was analyzed, and conclusions were formulated about the presence of positive changes and problem areas. The object of the study is the economic activity of enterprises in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, mainly industrial ones. The purpose of the study is to study the state and problems in the development of industry in the Russian Arctic in the context of the concept of sustainable development. The assessment of sustainable development is based on the search for a reasonable balance between environmental, social and economic aspects in the development of enterprises, industries and territories. The study was carried out using the scientific and methodological foundations of the science of economics and management, including general methods of analysis and synthesis, as well as methods of strategic management, statistical information processing, justification of management decisions, expert assessments and visualization. The information base for the study was the scientific works of Russian and foreign scientists in the subject area, data from Russian statistics, rating agencies, expert opinions and the author’s own desk research.
Readers are invited to familiarize themselves with the translation of the article devoted to financial literacy by the American economist W.K. Mitchell (1884-1948) "The Backward Art of Spending Money" (1912) , known to the Russian reader, first of all, as the founder of conjunctural-statistical institutionalism. This article opened the collection with the same name (1937) , which included W.K. Mitchell's works devoted to problems beyond the framework of conjunctural-statistical problems. Since today financial literacy issues are receiving a lot of attention at all levels and forms of education, W.K. Mitchell's ideas on the backward art of spending money will be interesting to read. As Mitchell writes, "...much of the free advice given on mending our ways is sound. Conscience admits the first, common sense the second. But in our haste to plead guilty we forget certain mitigating circumstances which might go far toward recommending us to the mercy of an impartial court. To spend money is easy, to spend it well is hard. Our faults as spenders are not wholly due to wanton ness, but largely to broad conditions over which as individuals we have slight control." [2, с. 269]. The relevance of this article is that promoting the ideas of financial literacy in the domestic literature and financial education, little attention is paid to the fact that the presence or absence of financial literacy is manifested in the art of managing finances in the household.
The article discusses the issue of introducing differentiated electricity tariffs for the population in the Irkutsk region. The purpose of the work is to show that the justification for the introduction of diftariffs by the need to combat mining among the population of the region is untenable, both from factual and theoretical points of view. An analysis of the types of mining in the region was carried out, and it was concluded that the so-called. “Gray” mining refers to activities that are heterogeneous in terms of their legal basis, which is done to create a negative image of the miner. Analysis of the dynamics and structure of electricity consumption does not confirm the unprecedented increase in electricity consumption by the population due to mining and is associated primarily with the growth of individual housing construction; and the growth of industrial mining, driven by energy companies, is significantly outpacing the growth of home mining. The struggle to increase tariffs is considered as a manifestation of an institutional trap in the regional electric power industry; the historical roots and reasons for the origin of the institutional trap are considered. The struggle to increase tariffs is considered as a manifestation of an institutional trap in the regional electric power industry; the historical roots and reasons for the origin of the institutional trap are considered. The position is substantiated that the introduction of diftariffs before the advent of the law on mining provides the basis for arbitrariness in the conditions of local monopoly of energy companies.
Currently, Russian companies are facing a number of difficulties related to the use of foreign software products in their activities. Sanctions imposed by unfriendly countries have restricted access to familiar programs and advanced technologies, including semiconductors and technologies related to robotics and artificial intelligence. It also made it necessary to actively develop and implement end-to-end technologies and domestic software into the practice of enterprises. The research is relevant at the present time, since the topic of end-to-end technologies for managing business processes under sanctions is new and poorly studied. The purpose of the study is to consider the possibility of using and developing end–to-end technologies to support business processes in new realities. The article presents an analysis of the market of business process management systems in Russia, makes recommendations on the choice of software for modeling business processes, highlights the advantages of Russian software in comparison with foreign, draws up a plan for the company's transition to domestic software, analyzes the statistics of the introduction of business process management systems, calculates the indicator of the introduction of domestic software in Russian business, a comparative analysis of the development of end-to-end technologies in Russia before and after sanctions was carried out, a risk assessment matrix for the development of end-to-end technologies in the new realities has been compiled, recommendations on the use of end-to-end technologies in the conditions of sanctions restrictions have been developed. The methodological basis of the study was the use of private and general scientific research methods, such as analysis, comparison, observation and expert assessments. The object of research is end-to-end technologies. The subject of the research is end–to-end technologies and business process management tools in new economic realities. The result of the work was the conclusion that the main risks of the development of end-to-end technologies are the restriction of access to world technologies, the complication of international cooperation, the disruption of projects in the field of end-to-end technologies, the decline in the level of the scientific and technological base of Russia. The conducted research provides recommendations to companies wishing to maintain or improve their efficiency in the face of sanctions restrictions. The results obtained will be used to develop recommendations for the digital transformation of enterprises.
The article addresses the matters of the development and management of modern entrepreneurial projects in the context of digital transformation. The study presents a comparative analysis of the changes in the quantity and value orientations of market-leading unicorn companies from 2021 to 2023. The research highlights a noteworthy increase in ethically oriented initiatives, specifically those directed towards promoting societal well-being. Environmental projects emerge prominently among these endeavors, contributing significantly to the preservation and sustainable development of the environment. The data indicate a deepening integration of green aesthetics into everyday life, reflecting a broader trend towards the incorporation of "bio" principles across various aspects, including interpersonal relationships. Consequently, the universal human consciousness appears to be ready to embrace "e-ideas" encompassing ecology, ethics, and esthetics within the context of economic development, which, in turn, indicates the maturity of economic entities. The study establishes that the management and development of the analyzed projects are based on digital transformation, the outcomes of which lead to, inter alia, the creation of additional ethical value for goods. This additional value serves as a crucial competitive advantage for market leaders, which contributes to the establishment of the modern humanistic entrepreneurship theory and has a significant impact on the promotion of sustainable development ideas. The advancement of environmental projects is made possible through the application of innovative methods in the management of digital assets. Such a strategy plays an important role in shaping not only the future metaverse but also acts as a catalyst for "creative destruction," thereby starting the processes for realizing the concept of global coevolution as the sole viable paradigm for innovative entrepreneurship. These processes result in a conceptual shift in the understanding of social action, wherein entrepreneurs, in the course of project management, must account for the multidirectional vectors of value orientations. The recognition of the limitations that pursuing solely economic objectives can give, coupled with the expansion of motives for entrepreneurial behavior into the "boundless ethics" contribute to the implementation of the most promising market strategy.
The article examines the features of the organization of transport logistics in the Arctic zone, identifies problems and prospects for the development of transport and logistics systems based on the introduction of innovative technologies. The purpose of the study is to identify innovative technologies that contribute to the innovative development of transport and logistics systems in the special climatic and territorial features of the Arctic zone, which places high demands on technology, equipment, and infrastructure facilities. The experience of using innovative technologies in transport and logistics activities is studied and summarized; the requirements and types of equipment and technologies applicable in the conditions of the Arctic zone are determined using the method of comparative analysis. Conclusions and recommendations on priority technologies and equipment for implementation are formulated.