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September 2020 (published: 28.09.2020)
Home > Issue > Support for small and medium entrepreneurship: subsidies from federal budget
in Russia and regions
Support for small and medium entrepreneurship: subsidies from federal budget
in Russia and regions
In the course of the research, we respond to calls in the literature for a more systematic study of the important problem of supporting small and medium businesses in Russia on the basis of state subsidies. The purpose of the study is to evaluate indicators describing the subsidization of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) from federal budget in Russia and its regions. At the same time, the tasks of determining the average values of indicators of state subsidies to SMEs, identifying regions with high and low values of indicators were solved. In the process, we used official statistics on the amount of budget subsidies issued to SMEs in all regions of Russia in 2018. In the course of the study, the following relative indicators were considered: the amount of subsidies per resident of the region and the amount of subsidies per SME. In the course of the work, these indicators were evaluated for all regions of the country; their average values and intervals of change, typical for most regions, were determined. The methodology discussed in the article and the developed tools (functions) can be used in further research on the issues of SME subsidies. The results of the study can be used by state and regional authorities in the formation and implementation of measures to improve the financing of the business sector. The developed models can be taken into account when determining the needs for assistance to entrepreneurs in regions where the business sector is not developed. The obtained data can be used in the process of training bachelors and masters in universities.
Keywords: small and medium entrepreneurship, legal entities, individual entrepreneurs, state subsidies, financial resources, entrepreneurship support, economic-mathematical models.
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