Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

September 2020 (published: 28.09.2020)

Number 3(42)

Home > Issue > Ways to adapt innovations in hydropower with consideration of country specifics on the example of the Republic of Tajikistan

UDC 338.012

Ways to adapt innovations in hydropower with consideration of country specifics on the example of the Republic of Tajikistan

Klochkova A.V., Shukurova M.A.

The article considers the process of adaptation of modern innovative directions of hydropower to specific economic conditions on the example of the Republic of Tajikistan. Hydropower, especially its innovative alternative directions, seem extremely promising today in the presence of certain environmental factors that affect the country's economy, and the most environmentally friendly. The interest in alternative hydropower is due to the economic crisis, the problem of resource depletion, and environmental problems, as well as trends towards deglobalization and the understanding that countries today need to rely on their own unique characteristics and competitive advantages. A striking example is the Republic of Tajikistan, where the development of small hydropower can have a significant positive impact on the country's economy. Describes specific characteristics of Tajikistan, such as the predominance of mountainous terrain and the abundance of water resources, mainly in the form of mountain rivers, and shows how these characteristics can be factors conducive to the construction in the Republic of Tajikistan small hydropower, and the solution by alternative hydropower the main problem – the problem of providing electricity to populations in remote and inaccessible rural areas. The article also discusses the history of hydropower development and the importance of this industry for the Russian economy. The advantages and disadvantages of hydropower and hydraulic structures are analyzed, the most significant accidents in this area and their impact on the environment are listed. An overview of the most common types of alternative hydroelectric power, which is becoming more and more popular: tidal, wave and small hydroelectric power plants, their pros and cons and their impact on the environment.
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Keywords: hydropower, hydropower plant, hydropower innovative, alternative hydropower, small hydro power plant, Republic of Tajikistan.

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2020-13-3-62-70

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