Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
registered by the Federal Inspectorate Service for Communication, Information Technologies and Communication Media

June 2020 (published: 19.06.2020)

Number 2(41)

Home > Issue > Problems of ecological and economic development of the Northern region

UDC 330.15

Problems of ecological and economic development of the Northern region

Lebedeva M.A.

One of the main problems of regional development is the imbalance between economic growth and nature conservation which leads to a deterioration of the demographic situation and the health potential of the population, violation of the integrity of territorial systems and deterioration of the state of natural capital. The purpose of the work was to identify and assess trends in the ecological and economic balance of the Northern region. As an object of research, this paper considers the European North of Russia, which has a significant geostrategic and natural resource potential. The research is based on the model of ecological and economic zones of Peter Viktor. During the work revealed that in the study area is dominated by trends towards brown and black growth (for wastewater discharge and disposal of waste production and consumption), and trends in green growth (for the aggregate emissions of polluting substances in atmospheric air) is very unsustainable. The analysis of foreign experience and the conclusions obtained in the previous stages of the research, as a promising tool to improve ecological and economic balance of the proposed formation of a regional green sector, which would conduct a mandatory environmental audit, resume, state environmental funds, and supported the development of ecological entrepreneurship. The functioning of the green sector is considered on two models: North-European and North-American. In the Northern European model, the green sector is represented by authorities and public institutions funded by very high taxes. The green sector in the North American model is represented by government agencies and public organizations whose activities are supported by private and public funds, programs, and grants.
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Keywords: green economy; ecological and economic sustainability; green growth; a model of ecological-economic zones; the green sector; the decoupling effect

DOI 10.17586/2310-1172-2020-13-2-131-142

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