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June 2020 (published: 19.06.2020)
Home > Issue > Investment activity in a depressed region: trends and problems of implementation at the present stage
Investment activity in a depressed region: trends and problems of implementation at the present stage
Nevyantseva L. S. , Vlasova N. Yu.
The article discusses the features of investment activity in a depressed region on the example of the Ural region-the Kurgan region. Describes the common characteristics of the socio-economic development of territories having a depressive character. The main types of depressive regions in Russia that have developed historically are identified: old-industrial, agricultural-industrial and extractive. Examples of depressive subjects of modern Russia within the borders of Federal districts are given. The main features of investment activity in the Kurgan region are studied: the dynamics of investment in fixed assets from 2014 to 2019 is analyzed, the structure of sources of investment financing is assessed, and the most funded types of economic activity in the region are indicated. The situation of investments in fixed capital in the context of municipalities of the region is considered. External and internal factors that negatively affect the regional investment process are identified, among which the prevailing ones are: low provision of the regional budget with its own income, difficult access to borrowed financial resources, underdevelopment of the local capital market, low level of development of social infrastructure and engineering facilities. The measures of the regional administration to improve the investment climate and increase the investment activity of the region are presented. The article describes in detail the functioning of three territories of advanced socio-economic development in the region, formed to intensify investment and diversify the regional economy. Some positive results of investment activity of the Kurgan region for 2019 are presented. The national rating of investment attractiveness of the region is given. Some ways of strategic investment development of the Kurgan region according to the current strategy of socio-economic development of the region are given. The priority investment sectors of the region's economy are described in detail and further ways of investment development are indicated. In conclusion, it is noted that the activation of investment activities in the depressed region should occupy a key place not only in the socio-economic policy of the region, but also at the Federal level.
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Keywords: investment, depressed region, investment activity, territories of advanced socio-economic development, investment development.
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