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June 2020 (published: 19.06.2020)
Home > Issue > The nature and methods of resolution of conflicts of environmental and economic interests
The nature and methods of resolution of conflicts of environmental and economic interests
Karginova-Gubinova V.V., Tishkov S. V. , Shcherbak A. P. , Volkov A.P.
The existence of contradictions between environmental and economic interests that increase both environmental and economic risks is a significant threat to the national security of territories. The purpose of this study was to determine the nature of conflicts of environmental and economic interests and to consider methods of their resolution on the example of conflicts over polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PET was chosen as the main object due to the prevalence and lack of regulation of environmental and economic interests related to it in the Russian Federation. The theoretical basis of the research is the works of domestic and foreign specialists. We used the analysis of the legal framework, methods of comparative analysis of legislation, applied statistics, and case studies. The study also relies on data obtained using footprint and life cycle assessment methods. The article deals with the theoretical foundations of the emergence and features of conflicts of environmental and economic interests of economic entities, the citizens and the state. The main methods of their modeling and study are highlighted. The key characteristics of PET are analyzed and compared with alternative materials. The ineffectiveness of existing mechanisms to resolve conflicts related to PET are substantiated. Tools and institutions for the successful resolution of environmental and economic conflicts over PET in the Russian Federation are proposed. Based on Porter's theorem, it is shown the need to improve the institutional environment for stimulating and maintaining innovation. It is concluded that it is necessary to complete the equilibrium model with such institutional characteristics that will make it possible to achieve dynamic equilibrium. The research results expand theoretical and methodological works on resolving conflicts of interests and can be used in practice by state and municipal authorities.
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Keywords: theory of conflicts of interests, contradiction of interests, Pareto-optimal balance, ecological footprint, life cycle assessment, PET, plastic, Russian Federation, security
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