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June 2019 (published: 26.06.2019)
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Ecological block of questionnaire research of rural areas residents
The object of study of rural population in 5 municipalities (Mtsenskiy, Soskovskiy, Shablykinskiy, Glazunovskiy, Bolkhovskiy) Orel region, representing all natural and economic zones (Western, Central and Southeast). The Subject of the Study. Environmental problems of rural residents who have a direct impact on the development of rural areas in a particular region. Purpose of research. To conduct a survey of rural residents to determine the impact of human economic activity on the environment, as well as the impact of the environmental situation on the sustainable development of rural areas, the quality of life of the villagers. Identify environmental problems and ways to solve them, as well as their importance for rural residents, with respect to social and economic problems. A questionnaire was developed to study the opinion of rural residents about the ecological state of the rural area and the directions of further development. Surveys of rural residents were conducted in two stages, in 2013 and 2018, to obtain data in dynamics. The survey was attended by 636 people (2013 – 336, 2018 – 300 people). After processing the subjective opinions of respondents, the empirical results were correlated and compared with the average for the region and the whole country, for which the materials of the Federal state statistics service were used. The study revealed that the vast majority of the rural population consider their place of residence environmentally problematic, note the negative impact on their health, as the main problem indicate the removal and disposal of household waste, as well as the elimination of unauthorized landfills. However, rural residents are not ready to actively participate in environmental activities and use public resources for these purposes. The importance of socio-economic problems, for them, prevails over environmental ones.
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Keywords: survey; environmental problems; rural areas; sustainable development; grant support; environmental management.
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