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June 2019 (published: 26.06.2019)
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Circular economy: definitions and diffusion of the concept in Russian research
The circular economy is not only a developing theoretical concept that meets the ideas of sustainable development, but also a dynamic applied sphere. It covers economical industrial approaches and a wide range of regenerative systems in which losses, emissions, waste and energy leakage, as well as the use of primary resources are minimized by slowing down, looping and narrowing material and energy flows. This is achieved through innovative industrial and product design, focused on durability and long-term use; maintenance and service support; repair; reuse and sharing; recovery, processing, etc. In the domestic and foreign scientific literature there are many approaches and interpretations of this concept that meet different tasks, while the lack of consistency in the views of researchers and practitioners hampers the global development of the circular economy. The purpose of this work is to contribute to the consistency and transparency of understanding the concept of a circular economy in domestic research. This meta-research was carried out on the basis of data from the RSCI and Web of Science scientometric databases using bibliometric and content analysis methods. As a result, a high homogeneity of the conceptual apparatus in domestic studies was discovered, but at the same time, its substantial incompleteness as compared with foreign research. At this stage of development of the global circular economy, it is advisable to use more flexible and differentiated approaches to describe the concept of circular economy, including the development of sectoral strategies and national industrial standards.
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Keywords: sustainable development, recycling, remanufacturing, circular economy, reuse, waste, resource saving.
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