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March 2018 (published: 28.03.2018)
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Small entrepreneurship as factor of development of innovative economy
Vasilenok V.L., Brazevich D.S. , Safronova Zh.S.
The scientific analysis of a transitional stage of economy of Russia on the innovative way of development which is the most difficult call for the modern state is provided in article. The pressing need in theoretical and practical judgment of opportunities of the modern market caused by search of effective remedies of management of innovative processes is shown. The special role of the small and average business designed to provide the competitive environment in the conditions of innovative activity is revealed. It is proved that the innovative environment for the enterprises of small and medium business which are capable to react most effectively and quickly to demand of consumers is most organic, to influence it and to develop taking into account regional development. It is revealed that the state measures of support of small business aren't rather effective and, at the moment, aren't capable to solve problems of small business in use of new innovative technologies of economic development, thereby reducing possibilities of transition of national economy by an innovative way of development. The question as small business is analyzed becomes the defining factor of development of the innovative sector of the country. Concepts of innovative activity of small enterprise are given. The question of formation and development of small business which in recent years became the most important sector of economy is analysed, and exerts considerable impact on a social and economic situation in Russia. The unevenness of distribution of small business in the country on regions is shown, the existing risks of small business are designated. Advantages of small business before the large state enterprises in innovative development of Russia are proved. The factors influencing efficiency of activity of small enterprises are defined and proved. The analysis of historical development of the small innovative enterprises in St. Petersburg is carried out, the statistical analysis of data is provided.
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Keywords: small business, innovation, innovative activity, innovative economy, development factors.
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