Scientific journal NRU ITMO
Series "Economics and Environmental Management"
Registration certificate ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 55411 от 17.09.2013
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ISSN:2310-1172

September 2015 (published: 14.09.2015)

Number 3(22)

Home > Issue > The ideas of the theory of globalization and the views of its representatives in the field of Economics and management

UDC 330.8

The ideas of the theory of globalization and the views of its representatives in the field of Economics and management

Nikiforov A.A.

The article analyzes the scientific views of representatives from different areas of the global-globalization. The author substantiates the distinction of globalization, integration, internationalization and regionalization of economic relations, reveals patterns of globalization as a phenomenon that has historical roots. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the impact of globalization on national economies of developing countries, the justification of the nonlinearity of this process, the evaluation of positive effects and negative effects that globalization has on these countries. The article analyzes the hierarchy of world economic and political system, the impact of the interstate system on the national economy from the standpoint of "skeptics", and transformists hyperglobalists. The author reveals the main content and contradictions in the views of researchers, justifies the conclusion that globalization is an economic phenomenon that is particularly evident through speculation and futures markets, and is often associated with processes of glocalization, hybridization. The article provides an assessment of the regularities of the processes of formation of a single global culture, the spread of Western institutions of liberal democracy, universal values and lifestyle, which, on the other hand, are accompanied by the strengthening of the national identity of States, the spread of nationalism, cultural and ideological fundamentalism.
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Keywords: globalization, civilization, glocalization, hybridization

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