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March 2015 (published: 16.03.2015)
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Innovation environment as a significant factor in the formation of an innovative economy: an institutional approach
In article the expediency of application of the institutional approach to the development problems of adequate innovation environment in the formation of post-industrial information society. It speaks on behalf of the thesis that the development of the institutional aspects of innovation development will allow to search for possible ways of enhancing innovation and efficiency of the Russian economy, and to expand the understanding of innovation processes and to identify the patterns of their behavior. It is shown that from the perspective of institutional economic theory is the concept of "innovative environment", it seems appropriate to define two interrelated aspects: economically organized space activity, ensuring the development of innovative resource society, and as an integrated means of accumulation and realization of innovative potential of economic entities. Optimally organized innovative environment, promoting the culture of innovation and growth of innovative capacity, will determine the location of innovative activity in the value system of society, and therefore, provide organization and self-organization of innovative activity of the economic system as a whole.
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Keywords: the institutional approach, innovations, the innovative environment, innovative potential, innovative activity, innovative culture.
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