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2014 (published: 15.09.2014)
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Generalized Darwinism as an Economical Theory
Levit G.S., Hossfeld Uwe , Polatayko S.V. , Lvov A.A.
This article critically analyzes the arguments of the ‘generalized Darwinism’ recently proposed for the analysis of social-economical systems. We argue that ‘generalized Darwinism’ is both restrictive and empty. It is restrictive because it excludes alternative (non-selectionist) evolutionary mechanisms such as orthogenesis, saltationism and mutationism without any examination of their suitability for modeling socio-economic processes and ignoring their important roles in the development of contemporary
evolutionary theory. It is empty, because it reduces Darwinism to an abstract triple-principle scheme (variation, selection and inheritance) thus ignoring the actual structure of Darwinism as a complex and dynamic theoretical structure inseparable from a very detailed system of theoretical constraints. Arguing against ‘generalised Darwinism’ we present our vision of the history of evolutionary biology with the help of the ‘hourglass model’ reflecting the internal dynamic of competing theories of evolution.
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generalised Darwinism, anti-Darwinism, orthogenesis, saltationism, the synthetic theory of evolution (STE), the ‘hourglass model’, the extended Synthesis.
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